Your Guide to Punjabi Weddings Traditions and Rituals by CardFusion CardFusion

Sikh and Punjabi wedding traditions and rituals

Sikh weddings are a traditional celebration of two people and their families coming together. From days of preparation to the exchanging of vows, it is filled with customs that have been respected through centuries. Respectfully, both partners must follow the ceremonies prescribed by their faith. The bride and groom may choose to wear sherwanis as they officially commit to each other in front of the Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh holy book, which was put together by the founder of Sikhism: Guru Nanak Dev Ji (1469-1539).

Anand Karaj

The prayer service marks the official beginning of their marriage. As per custom, four separate hymns from Guru Granth Sahib are recited in each round known as Laavan that come to signify its four parts: declaring intent, joining minds and souls together pledging mutual respect and commitment. To ensure that all guests leave feeling nourished in both body and spirit, generous servings typical North Indian fare like puri sabji, halwa poori and hot lassi must be served. Celebrations usually last for seven days with folk songs performed till late night concluding with an emotional farewell when the new couple head off on their journey. And while it is easy to get overwhelmed running around with family members looking after every detail so that everything goes smoothly it is still worth taking these few moments when you can catch your breath and take part in this sacred union full of love and wonderment!

Punjabi pre-wedding rituals

Participating in pre-wedding ceremonies is an integral part of Punjabi culture. Serving as a special time for the families to come together and celebrate before the big day, these ancient ceremonies have been passed down from generation to generation.


Paggee is one such celebration which marks the beginning of the engagement period. It is here that the bride and groom’s families exchange gifts and prayers are said by both sides to bless their union.

Mehndi ceremony

The traditional mehndi ceremony is packed with joy, merriment and lots of photo opportunities. The pre-wedding event has endless hues of colours as mehndi is applied to the hands and feet of the couple in intricate designs.

Wording for Mehndi Invitation – Wordings and Templates

Roka or Thaka, Also known as Kurmai

The Kurmai marks a more formal commitment between two families; where sweets are exchanged along with tips for an auspicious start for their relationship. In many cases it may even involve actual nuptial knot tying where bride’s brother ties knot around groom’s hand symbolizing their union.

Chunni Chadana

Chunni Chadana which takes place next functions as another way of solidifying this connection with each other, as well as introducing each other’s extended family who will be present at the wedding ceremony itself.


Maiya is the tradition of a bride’s family hosting the groom and his relatives during a Punjabi wedding. Celebrated on the sixth day after the wedding ceremony, it symbolizes her parents’ acceptance of the marriage and welcoming the groom into their home and family. The maiya ritual usually takes place at the bride’s home, although some couples choose to do it at a banquet hall. The day involves religious rituals, traditional Punjabi delicacies, entertainment and devoted attention that honour the newlyweds. Starting with an aarti to bless the couple as they enter, this entire maiya ceremony centers around showering love and warmth on them through blessings from elders, special honours for both families, sangeet performances for entertainment and love-filled gifts from siblings. All these fun customs serve as an additional reminder that weddings are not merely about two people celebrating holy matrimony but rather two families uniting in beautiful harmony in celebration of their union. These events might look different from home to home, but all serve a common purpose: To express love and give blessings while celebrating this significant milestone in life!

Punjabi Haldi ceremony

The Haldi ceremony is a pre-wedding ritual in Punjabi weddings that takes place a few days before the wedding day. It is a celebration of the bride and groom’s health and happiness, and is considered to be an important part of their wedding preparations. The ceremony involves applying a mixture of turmeric, sandalwood, and other ingredients to the bride and groom’s skin to bring them good luck and ward off evil spirits. The mixture is applied by family members and friends, and is a time for fun, laughter, and joyous celebration. After the Haldi ceremony, the bride and groom are expected to remain isolated from each other until the wedding day, in order to maintain the purity of the Haldi’s blessings. This is considered to be an important part of Punjabi wedding customs, and is a time for the bride and groom to rest, reflect, and prepare for the wedding day. The Haldi ceremony is a significant part of Punjabi wedding traditions, and is an opportunity for families to come together and celebrate the union of two individuals. It is a time for joy, happiness, and blessings, and is a memorable and meaningful part of the Punjabi wedding experience.

Jaggo ceremony and Jaggo Night

Organising a Jaggo ceremony is no simple feat. It requires great attention to detail, patience, and understanding of the cultural context. But at its core, a Jaggo is about celebrating two families, uniting them in a joyous union that will last for generations to come. At a traditional Punjabi wedding, the Jaggo marks the official arrival of the bride’s family at the venue, typically occurring late in the evening and perhaps even into the night. Amidst an atmosphere of singing and drumming, extended family members greet one another as couples wave pots filled with burning wood and rice husks around a symbolic fire. The ritual serves multiple purposes: welcoming all who have gathered for the occasion — both old friends and new acquaintances; honouring the familial unity by ensuring that it is passed down through generations; setting an auspicious mood before beginning other nuptial ceremonies; and providing ample time to interact with old relatives you may only have seen once or twice before. Choosing thoughtful accompaniments such as songs and decorations can add personal touches to this beautiful celebration and make it all the more memorable for everyone involved. From joyful music elevated by stirring strings to eye-catching lanterns twinkling against vibrant hues, there are myriad ways you can bring life to your geet Jaggo festival!

Punjabi wedding song

Rejoicing in tradition, Punjabi weddings evoke a festive atmosphere of lively celebrations. Music plays an integral part in these joyous occasions and wedding songs are an essential element of life and culture. They provide the backdrop for all the rituals and festivities, melding together harmoniously to create vibrant sounds. Each song has its own unique flavour, from the serenely melodious ‘Mehndi Laga Ke Rakhna’ sung at the beginning of the ceremony to the exuberant ‘Laddu Kha Gaya Mera Jija Ji’ played at traditional post-wedding celebrations.
The beats are infectious, automatically getting even those who don’t understand the lyrics up on their feet stomping and clapping in appreciation. Dance sequences set to creative choreography add vibrancy to these cherished melodies as families come together in cheerful revelry. It is also through these treasured songs that long-held customs are kept alive as each generation passes these musical legacies down – preserving a sense of unity amongst a culture that continues to thrive for years to come.

Punjabi wedding outfits for guests

Embellished with fabulous flair, Punjabi weddings demand traditional, statement-making finery. Featuring bright, saturated hues and intricate embroidery are an absolute must for attendees. From floral phulkaris to regal anarkalis and pathani suits – even dhoti-kurta sets –there’s no shortage of chic choices for menswear and womenswear alike. Bold prints, detailed mirror work and colour combinations like red and gold ensure that everyone looks beautiful and stands out in the wedding crowd. Accessorize your look with vibrant kolhapuris and chunky jewellery pieces to add a pop of enthusiasm to any ensemble. Most importantly, stay true to your own style as you complete these traditional ensembles with modern twists on accessories or footwear. Your outfit should reflect the vibrant energy of a Punjabi wedding; a celebration of life and love!

Punjabi wedding decoration

Adorning the celebration, a Punjabi wedding brings a burst of joy and vibrance. The decorations that grace the event help revellers to share in and celebrate the unique culture.

Punjabi weddings are known for their vibrant and colourful decorations, which reflect the rich cultural heritage of the region. Some common elements of Punjabi wedding decorations include:

  1. Flowers: Bright and colourful flowers, such as marigolds, roses, and jasmine, are used to decorate the wedding venue.
  2. Lights: The wedding venue is often decorated with fairy lights, lanterns, and diyas (oil lamps) to create a warm and inviting atmosphere.
  3. Fabrics: Colourful fabrics, such as silk and chiffon, are used to decorate the stage and create beautiful backdrops for the bride and groom.
  4. Mirrors: Mirrors are used to create visually stunning designs and reflect light and colour around the venue.
  5. Traditional symbols: Traditional symbols, such as the paisley pattern, are incorporated into the decorations to reflect the cultural roots of the wedding.

The overall look and feel of the decorations will depend on the preferences of the bride and groom, and may be influenced by the time of year, venue, and theme of the wedding. However, no matter the specifics, Punjabi weddings are always known for their stunning and memorable decorations.

Punjabi wedding food menu

Punjabi wedding cuisine is known for its rich and flavorful dishes that are served during the wedding festivities. Some of the most common dishes found on a Punjabi wedding menu include:

  1. Butter chicken: A creamy and flavorful dish made with tender chunks of chicken in a rich tomato-based sauce.
  2. Dal Makhani: A creamy and spiced lentil dish that is a staple of Punjabi cuisine.
  3. Chole Bhature: A popular North Indian dish made with spicy chickpeas and deep-fried bread.
  4. Paneer Tikka: Cubes of marinated cheese that are grilled or roasted to perfection.
  5. Aloo Gobi: A dish made with potatoes and cauliflower, spiced with a blend of aromatic spices.
  6. Tandoori chicken: Spicy and juicy chicken that is marinated and cooked in a traditional clay oven.
  7. Naan: A soft and fluffy bread that is baked in a clay oven and is a staple of Punjabi cuisine.

These are just a few of the many dishes that are commonly served at Punjabi weddings, and the menu may vary depending on regional variations, personal preferences, and other factors. Overall, Punjabi wedding food is known for its bold flavours, rich spices, and delicious taste, making it a memorable and satisfying part of the wedding experience.

Punjabi wedding cards

Punjabi wedding cards are an important aspect of Punjabi wedding traditions, as they serve as the official invitation to the wedding festivities. Punjabi wedding cards are typically decorated with bright and vibrant colours, intricate designs, and traditional symbols, such as paisleys, to reflect the cultural heritage of the region.

The wedding card is usually printed in Punjabi and English and contains important information about the wedding, such as the date, time, and location of the wedding ceremony, as well as the names of the bride and groom. Some Punjabi wedding cards also include a brief history of the families and their cultural traditions, to give guests a better understanding of the significance of the wedding.

Punjabi wedding cards are usually sent out several weeks before the wedding day, and are an important way for the families to extend their invitation and welcome to the guests. They are often kept as a memento of the wedding and serve as a reminder of the joyous occasion for years to come.

In recent times, electronic wedding invitations have become popular, but traditional printed wedding cards are still widely used and appreciated in Punjabi weddings. Regardless of the form, the wedding card is a crucial aspect of Punjabi wedding customs and is an important way for the families to extend their invitation and share the joy of their wedding with their loved ones.

Punjabi wedding invitation layouts, templates and examples

Punjabi wedding invitations can come in a variety of layouts, but some common features include:

  1. Bright and vibrant colours: Punjabi wedding invitations are often decorated with bright and eye-catching colours, such as red, gold, and green, to reflect the joy and celebration of the wedding.
  2. Traditional symbols: Punjabi wedding invitations often feature traditional symbols, such as paisleys, elephants, and floral patterns, to reflect the cultural heritage of the region.
  3. Embossed design: Many Punjabi wedding invitations feature an embossed design, which adds depth and texture to the invitation and makes it stand out.
  4. Foil printing: Foil printing is a popular technique used to create eye-catching designs on Punjabi wedding invitations. Gold or silver foil can be used to highlight the names of the bride and groom or other important details.
  5. Bold typography: Bold and eye-catching typography is used to highlight important information, such as the date, time, and location of the wedding.
  6. Folded format: Many Punjabi wedding invitations are printed in a folded format, which allows for multiple pages of information to be included, such as a brief history of the families and their cultural traditions.

Overall, the layout of a Punjabi wedding invitation will depend on the preferences of the bride and groom, as well as the style and formality of the wedding. Regardless of the specifics, Punjabi wedding invitations are always known for their bright and vibrant designs, traditional symbols, and beautiful typography, making them a memorable and meaningful part of the wedding experience.

Sikh Wedding Invitation Wordings

You can read more about Ik Onkar here:

Punjabi wedding symbols, including Khanda and Ik Onkar

The Khanda and Onkar symbols are commonly used in Punjabi culture and hold great significance in the Sikh religion.

The Khanda is a double-edged sword and is one of the most important symbols of the Sikh faith. It represents power, strength, and valor, and is often displayed on the Sikh flag (Nishan Sahib).

Onkar is a symbol of the Sikh idea of one ultimate reality and is often used in conjunction with the Khanda. Onkar is written as an Punjabi script that consists of two symbols: a circle (representing unity and completeness) and a letter “U” (representing creation). The Onkar symbol represents the belief in the existence of one all-pervading, eternal, and unchanging God.

These symbols are often used in Punjabi weddings to reflect the cultural heritage and spiritual beliefs of the families and to remind guests of the significance of the wedding celebrations. They are also commonly displayed on wedding invitations, decorations, and other wedding items.

Sikh Wedding Symbols
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